The birch belongs to wood without a kernel. It has white bark and white wood with a yellow or red tint. Annual rings are practically invisible. They can only be seen on radial sections.

The birch has a medium hardness and density, but high strength. The wood is rotting, dry for a long time, cracked, and easily spilled, which are the disadvantages of this wood. The advantages are easy processing, finishing, successful staining, and flexibility after steaming.

The birch is used in the manufacture of fittings, veneers, inventory, furniture, wood-firing boards, as well as in carpentry.